Language Bangime

(=Bangeri Me) is an apparent language isolate with no demonstrated genetic relatives. It is of great potential interest to African linguistics as a possible pre-Niger-Congo remnant similar to Basque in Europe. Alternatively, it could represent a population displacement from farther east in Africa. It is spoken in a small cluster of villages (the largest being Bounou) that are located in a canyon in the inselbergs northeast of Mopti-Sevare. The nearest market towns on the highway from Mopti to Gao are the villages of Sambere (market on Sunday) and Kona (market on Thursday).

  • Bounou village on lower slopes of mountain; farming and light herding; gardening (tobacco, tomato, mango) some Tiranige-speaking blacksmiths originally from Keti; borassus-frond baskets
  • Digari village on flat shelf in slope of mountain; farming and light herding; gardening in plains (tomato, chili pepper, tobacco, mango)
  • Dieni village on slope and at base of mountain; farming and light herding; borassus-frond baskets
  • Niana village on lower slope of mountain across a narrow valley from Due; gardens in valley shared with Due (mango, tomato, tobacco, onion, African eggplant, gourd)
  • Bara village; lower slope and base of mountain; farming and light herding; Tellem structures on cliffs
  • Dogo village on lower slope of mountain over a narrow valley that branches off of the valley to Bounou; verdant valley with borassus palms and vitex; farming and herding; extensive gardening (tobacco etc.)
  • Due village on lower slope of mountain across a narrow valley from Niana; gardens in valley shared with Niana (mango, tomato, tobacco, onion, African eggplant, gourd)
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